THE TYPES OF MOTIVATION
Types of Motivation
There are two types of motivation, Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation. It’s important to understand that we are not all the same; thus effectively motivating your employees requires that you gain an understanding of the different types of motivation. Such an understanding will enable you to better categorize your team members and apply the appropriate type of motivation. You will find each member different and each member’s motivational needs will be varied as well. Some people respond best to intrinsic which means “from within” and will meet any obligation of an area of their passion. Quite the reverse, others will respond better to extrinsic motivation which, in their world, provides that difficult tasks can be dealt with provided there is a reward upon completion of that task. Become an expert in determining which type will work best with which team members.
Intrinsic motivation means that the individual’s motivational stimuli are coming from within. The individual has the desire to perform a specific task, because its results are in accordance with his belief system or fulfills a desire and therefore importance is attached to it.
Our deep-rooted desires have the highest motivational power. Below are some examples:
- Acceptance: We all need to feel that we, as well as our decisions, are accepted by our co-workers.
- Curiosity: We all have the desire to be in the know.
- Honor: We all need to respect the rules and to be ethical.
- Independence: We all need to feel we are unique.
- Order: We all need to be organized.
- Power: We all have the desire to be able to have influence.
- Social contact: We all need to have some social interactions.
- Social Status: We all have the desire to feel important.
Extrinsic motivation means that the individual’s motivational stimuli are coming from outside. In other words, our desires to perform a task are controlled by an outside source. Note that even though the stimuli are coming from outside, the result of performing the task will still be rewarding for the individual performing the task.
Extrinsic motivation is external in nature. The most well-known and the most debated motivation is money. Below are some other examples:
- Employee of the month award
- Benefit package
- Organized activities